Good Natured is a book by primatologist Frans de Waal on animal behavior and the evolution of ethics. Contents. 1 Publishing history; 2 Notes; 3 References. World famous for his brilliant descriptions of Machiavellian power plays among chimpanzees-the nastier side of animal life–Frans de Waal here contends that. Good Natured has ratings and 25 reviews. Bryn said: If Explore further, but drop your anchor in Frans de Waal, that’s my philosophy. And if you’re like me.
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There’s something deeply humane about the way De Waal writes and thinks about animals. Very interesting research on various natures: InRichard Dawkins published his seminal book “The Selfish Gene,” supporting the theory, colloquially stated, that an organism is merely a gene’s way of reproducing itself. He is more or less ideally placed to answer that natred, after years of perceptive research on captive chimpanzees, bonobos and monkeys… As de Waal fans will already know, chimpanzees and other primates come alive as individuals under his expert gaze… Sympathy, attachment, social norms, punishment, a sense of justice, reciprocation, peacemaking and community concern—all are writ large in chimpanzee society.
Shweder, The Los Angeles Times.
It also makes no sense from an waall perspective, since if civilization or God is all that keeps us from tearing each other apart, how could we and our pre-human ancestors have made it through the period before organized religions and systems of laws were developed?
About Frans de Waal. Sep 27, Dan rated it really liked it Shelves: Oct 18, Kate marked it as to-read.
With stories that could only be gleaned from a lifetime observing apes and monkeys, he traces the origins of human morality back into the animal world. A good friend of mine, a scary-smart sciency type who worked at the Yerkes Primate Research Center, sent me this book because she knew — before I did natred that I don’t actually believe in evolutionary theory when it comes to explaining human behavior.
Retrieved from ” https: Chimpanzees remember which members of their group have shared food with them in the past and which have not and god and punish those individuals, respectively, in the future. A convincing book, old but still relevant. The more intriguing aspects are eaal different species can change their own behavior and those of others gooc symbosis and integreation, showin Very interesting research on various natures: In one sense, this conclusion was correct; an animal that sacrifices it’s own reproductive success will not pass on the genes that allowed that behavior.
Second, members of the species must be able to distinguish among individuals of their species and remember hood actions of each individual which is really two requirements. Making his case through vivid anecdotes drawn from his work with apes and monkeys and holstered by the intriguing, voluminous data from his and others’ ongoing research, de Waal shows us that many of the building blocks of morality are natural: I hope you get a chance to read it sometime.
The emphasis on empirical research and analysis seriously helps the optimistic message. Everyone interested waall psychology, philosophy and morality. With this paradigm shift, biologists were able to explain a wide variety of seemingly altruistic or self-sacrificing behaviors – for instance why so many animals will increase their offspring’s chances of survival by sacrificing their own. Waal Snippet view – How then could survival of the fittest lead to empathy?
There are also dysfunctional societies where what we think of as civilized legal systems have broken down, leaving anarchy.
To observe a dog’s guilty look. The occasional disagreements within this budding field are far outweighed by the shared belief that evolution needs to be part of any satisfactory explanation of morality.
De Waal identifies a number of behaviors with concomitant emotions in animals that lead waaal a sort of proto-morality. Remember, waql the dominant individual depends on the subordinates for his or her survival. I still wawl know with any certainty and realize it’s easy to see human emotions and motivations in animals’ actions.
De Waal Goo Among Primates,etc. In some of his most daring and successful experiments, de Waal showed that a species of monkey that is typically very hierarchical and aggressive can actually learn to be more tolerant and relaxed if members of the aggressive species are raised with slightly older members of the tolerant species.
Nov 26, Luke rated it it was amazing. While morality has taken the form of abstract reasoning among humans, de Waal argues that the roots of morality lie with emotion naturfd than reason.
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At their best, dominant chimps act as impartial arbitrators of disputes between other chimpanzees and can break up fights that are detrimental to the group. These are used to bolster the proposition that mental processes governing complex forms of human behaviour, such as sympathy and empathy with others, must have their ve in the animal kingdom… [This book] is extremely well written and very entertaining.
JT Dancer rated it really liked it Sep 12, It presents a lucid, straightforward account of how our moral faculties may have evolved from our pre-human ancestors. Two factors are necessary to make this jump.
There is no claim that chimpanzees have a moral code similar to ours, but it is possible to see how moral waall might have emerged from some of these basic elements. Another outgrowth of sociality and memory is a dominance hierarchy.
Through his eyes, we see how not just primates but all kinds of animals, from marine mammals to dogs, respond to social rules, help each other, share food, resolve conflict to mutual satisfaction, even develop a crude sense of justice and fairness.
As his work makes clear, a morality grounded in biology leads to an entirely different conception of what it means to he human–and humane. De Waal identifies this paradox as wal key to an evolutionary account of morality, and demonstrates that human morality could never have developed without the foundation of fellow feeling our species shares with other animals.
Feb 11, Heather Fryling rated it really liked it.